The continuously operating stirred ball mill used for finely and very finely milling a material has a cylindrical or conical grinding chamber which has a horizontal axis and in which a stirrer rotatable about the chamber axis and intended for moving grinding media present in the grinding chamber is arranged. The known stirred ball mills have the disadvantage that the grinding media are entrained in the direction of the outlet by the material stream passed through from the inlet to the outlet, with the result that said grinding media accumulate in the region of the material outlet and thus lose their grinding effect and adversely influence the milling process.
Vibrating stirred ball mill
The invention relates to a stirred ball mill, whose grinding system additionally executes a vibrating motion.
Vibrating mills and stirred ball mills are known as comminution systems. Disadvantages of both systems are the relatively large dead zones which impair the fineness of grinding and the space-time yields. The invention is intended to remedy this.
The invention achieves the object by means of a stirred ball mill which is mounted on a bearing provided with an eccentric drive, the stirrer being connected to the stirrer drive via a articulated shaft.
Vibrating stirred ball mill
As a result of combining the two grinding systems in one installation, the previously dead grinding zones are largely activated so that of grinding degress of fineness of grinding are possible at greater space-time yields as compared with the respective individual systems.
The invention is explained in more detail below by reference to a drawing which merely illustrates one possible embodiment. The Figure shows the mill according to the invention in side view, represented diagrammatically without grinding bodies.
A stirrer shaft 2 mounted on both sides and having stirrer elements 3 is located in the grinding tube 1. The grinding bodies in loose form (not shown) are poured in via the charging branch 4. The grinding tube 1 is mounted at each end on a bearing 16 provided with an eccentric drive 5. The stirrer drive is connected to the stirrer via an articulated shaft 6, which absorbs the vibrating motion of the grinding tube 1 and of the stirrer shaft 2. Both drives can be fitted with an infinitely controllable gearbox. Suitable stirrer elements 3 are rods, disks or the like. The grinding tube 1 can be provided with double jackets 7, 7a, to which coolants or heating media can be fed via orifices 8, 9, 10, 11, or discharged from them.
The stirred ball mill can be operated continuously or discontinuously. The product to be ground is charged dry or in a suspension via the charging orifice 12 and leaves the mill via the discharge orifice 13. 14 and 15 indicate measurement branches. As a result of the eccentric drive 5, the stirred ball mill is simultaneously operated as a vibrating mill. The amplitude of the vibration can be 4 to 12 mm at frequencies of 200 to 1500 vibrations per minute.
The advantages of the grinding device according to the invention over the known vibrating mill or the known stirred ball mill are demonstrated by reference to the tests below: three different feed products having varying D 50 grain sizes were ground in the grinding device according to the invention, namely by different operating procedures. The grain analyses were determined on a grain size measurement instrument made by Cilas, operating by the laser principle. The ground material was dispersed in water before measurement, and the dispersion was treated ultrasonically for one minute. The samples were measured in triplicate. (ball mill parts).